Welcome to IEA Wind Member Country Activities for Finland
In Finland, 32% of electricity consumption was provided by renewables in 2012. Finland’s generating capacity is diverse. In 2012, 26% of gross demand was produced by nuclear, 20% by hydropower, 27% from combined heat and power (coal, gas, biomass, and peat), 7% from direct power production from mainly coal and gas, and 20% from imports. Biomass is used intensively by the pulp and paper industry, raising the share of biomass-produced electricity to 12% in Finland. The electricity demand, which is dominated by energy-intensive industry, was 85 TWh in 2012.
Finland aims to increase the share of renewables from 28.5% to 38% of gross energy consumption to fulfill the EU 20% target by 2020. The national energy strategy foresees biomass as providing most of the increase in renewables. Wind power is the second largest source of new renewables in Finland, with a target of 6 TWh/yr by 2020. The new energy strategy set a target of 9 TWh/yr for 2025.
A market-based feed-in system with a guaranteed price of 83.50 EUR/MWh (110.05 USD/MWh) entered into force in 2011. There will be an increased tariff of 105.30 EUR/MWh (138.80 USD/MWh) through the end of 2015. The difference between the guaranteed price and spot price of electricity will be paid to the producers as a premium.
Wind energy deployment has started after the new tariff system. In 2012, 90 MW were installed, reaching a total of 288 MW at the end of year, producing about 0.5 TWh, or 0.6% of gross demand in Finland. At the beginning of 2012, there were 5,900 MW of wind power projects in various phases of planning onshore and 3,000 MW of announced projects offshore.
Wind power technology in Finland employs more than 2,000 persons mainly in component and sub-system manufacturing (Moventas, ABB, The Switch, Hydroll), sensors (Vaisala and Labkotec) and material production (Ruukki, Ahlstrom). There are two Finnish wind turbine manufacturers, WinWinD and Mervento, producing multi-MW turbines. Project development activities are increasing, and also innovative O&M methods have been developed (Bladefence). Read the entire report here.