Member Country Activities for Germany
The wind energy development in Germany in 2014 underlines the importance of wind energy for the success of the German Energy Transition. The share of renewable energy sources in Germany's gross electricity consumption continued rising in 2014 to reach 27.8%, with 160.6 billion kWh. This represents an ongoing increase of nearly two and a half percentage points compared to the previous year (25.4%).
Wind energy provided 34.8% of all renewable energy generation in 2014, making it one of the most important renewable energy sources. For Germany, 2014 was, capacity-wise, a year of exceptional increase in newly installed wind energy, especially offshore. Never before have more wind turbines been installed than in 2014. At the end of the year wind conditions and production were very good.
The immense added installation regarding offshore wind farms took place with 529 MW of newly-installed, grid-connected offshore turbines. In total 1,037 MW were installed offshore in 2014. Another 268 turbines with a capacity of 1,303 MW were erected but have not been connected to the grid by 31 December 2014. That means that the added offshore capacity was more than twice as high as it was in the previous year.
The construction of new turbines added 4,385 MW on land and 529 MW offshore, a clear increase over the previous year (2013: 2,998 MW on land and 520 MW offshore). Consequently, at the end of the year, the installed wind capacity in Germany was nearly 38,116 MW on land and 2,340 MW offshore, with 25,410 wind turbines installed in total (39,153 MW with a grid connection). Repowering and decommissioning measures accounted for an estimated 1,511 MW, giving a net added capacity in 2014 of 4,914 MW on land and offshore.
This leads to an estimated capacity factor of 18.65%, which is within the long-term average. The use of wind energy avoided 40.52 million tons equivalent of carbon dioxide emissions in 2014.
Concerning R&D activities within the ongoing German 6th Energy Research Program from 2011, the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi) provided 38.51 million EUR (46.64 million USD) of funds for new research projects in 2014 [1–10].