Welcome to IEA Wind Member Country Activities for Germany
Wind energy continues to be the most important renewable energy source in Germany, as it plays a key role within the German energy transition, the so called “Energiewende”. Within the German federal government, the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) was in charge of renewable energy policy as well as of the funding of research for renewable energies in 2013. After the election for the German parliament (Bundestag), responsibility shifted to the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi) since March 2014.
The share of renewable energy sources in Germany's gross electricity consumption rose significantly in 2013 to reach 25.4%, with an amount of 152.6 billion kWh. This represents a continuing increase of two and a half percentage points compared to the previous year (with 22.9%). Wind energy provided a share of 35% of all renewable energy sources in 2013. The electricity generation from wind energy increased too, amounting to 53.4 TWh (compared to 50.7 TWh in 2012).
The rather weak wind resource year was partially compensated for by installations of larger turbines and above-average rotor diameters for wind energy generators on land. Furthermore, an immense added installation regarding offshore wind farms took place. The combination of these aspects led to an estimated capacity factor that is just slightly below the long-term average.
Construction of new turbines added 2,998.4 MW on land and 520.3 MW offshore, a clear increase over the previous year (2012: 2,440 MW on land and 280 MW offshore). In this context, it is important to know that only grid-connected offshore turbines are counted for the capacity statistics. At the end of 2013, 394.6 MW of offshore wind capacity was not yet connected to the grid. Consequently, at the end of the year total installed wind capacity in Germany was nearly 34,660 MW on land and 903 MW offshore, with 23,864 wind turbines built in total. Repowering measures accounted for an estimated 766 MW, while installations with a capacity of an estimated 258 MW were decommissioned, giving a net added capacity in 2013 of 3.356 MW on land and offshore.
With a share of 8.9% of total electric generation in Germany (2012: 7.7%), wind energy maintained a strong position as the main source of renewable electricity. The use of wind energy avoided 41.7 million tons equivalent of carbon dioxide emissions in 2013.
Concerning R&D activities within the ongoing German 6th Energy Research Program from 2011, the BMUB provided 37.3 million EUR (51.4 million USD) of funds for new research projects in 2013.