Welcome to IEA Wind Member Country Activities for Italy
Installation of new wind farms in Italy slowed its pace in 2010. Total online grid-connected wind capacity reached 5,797 MW at the end of the year, with an increase of 948 MW over 2009. As usual, the largest development took place in the southern regions, particularly in Apulia, Calabria, Campania, Sardinia, and Sicily. In 2010, 615 new wind turbines were deployed in Italy and their average capacity was 1,541 kW. The total number of online wind turbines thus became 4,852, with an overall average capacity of 1,195 kW. All plants are based on land, mostly on hill or mountain sites. The 2010 production from wind farms could provisionally be put at about 8.4 TWh, which would be about 2.6% of total electricity demand on the Italian system.
The main scheme for supporting RES in Italy is based on a RES quota obligation and Tradable Green Certificates (TGCs). The sale of energy production yielded owners of non-programmable RES plants such as wind farms an average price of 66.9 euro/MWh (89.91 USD/MWh) in 2010. The additional income from the sale of TGCs on the free market was on average 84.4 euro/MWh (126.87 USD/MWh). Owners of wind plants between 1 kW and 200 kW can opt for other schemes: either a fixed feed-in tariff of 300 euro/MWh (403.2 USD/MWh) or exchange (net-metering) contracts.
The main issues affecting growth came from permitting and grid connection, and from wind production curtailments ordered by the TSO. A new decree giving permitting guidelines has however been issued by the government and new regulations on grid connection have been issued by the Regulatory Authority AEEG.
Most new turbines were supplied by foreign manufacturers (Vestas has an establishment in Italy). The Italian manufacturers are currently Leitwind (1.5-MW turbines), Moncada (850-kW machines), and other firms that supply small-sized units. The market for small wind systems is still at the beginning.
There has been no national R, D&D program running on wind energy, but activities have been carried out by different entities, mainly RSE (formerly ERSE) under contract to the Italian government in the interest of Italy’s electricity system, ENEA, some universities, polytechnic schools, and other companies. Read the entire report here.